Effects of co-administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and monoamine oxidase inhibitors on 5-HT-related behavior in rats
Izumi T, Iwamoto N, Kitaichi Y, Kato A, Inoue T, Koyama T.
Department of Psychiatry,
Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine,
North 15, West 7, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Feb 17;


5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) syndrome is a dangerous condition of 5-HT excess that can occur in the case of co-administration of a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor and a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of acute administration of MAO inhibitors and subchronic administration of fluvoxamine on 5-HT-related behaviors (head shaking and 5-HT syndrome) in rats treated with 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP). Administration of the non-selective MAO inhibitor, pargyline, and the selective MAO-A inhibitor, clorgyline, resulted in 5-HT syndrome in 5-HTP-treated rats, and subchronic co-administration of fluvoxamine intensified the syndrome. However, administration of the selective MAO-B inhibitor, selegiline, did not induce 5-HT syndrome with or without subchronic fluvoxamine co-administration. These data suggest that non-selective MAO and selective MAO-A inhibitors can induce 5-HT syndrome in humans when co-administered with SSRI. Further, the risk of 5-HT syndrome may be lower with the selective MAO-B inhibitor, selegiline.

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