l-Methamphetamine and selective MAO inhibitors decrease morphine-reinforced and non-reinforced behavior in rats; Insights towards selegiline's mechanism of action
He S, Grasing K.
Substance Abuse Research Laboratory,
Kansas City Veterans Affairs Medical Center,
4801 Linwood Boulevard, Kansas City,
MO 64128, United States.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Dec 6;
ABSTRACTSelegiline is an inhibitor of type B monoamine oxidase (MAO) with psychostimulant effects that can decrease morphine-reinforced and non-reinforced responding. The present study was undertaken to compare the effects of MAO inhibition and treatment with l-methamphetamine, the major psychostimulant metabolite of selegiline, on these behaviors. After rats acquired a stable pattern of morphine self-administration under a progressive ratio schedule, chronic treatment was initiated with vehicle, l-methamphetamine, clorgyline (a selective inhibitor of MAO-A), or rasagiline (a selective inhibitor of MAO-B); with both MAO inhibitors administered at a dose selective for one MAO isoform and a higher dose that inhibited both isoforms. Rats were evaluated for up to four cycles of opiate dependence maintained by morphine self-administration and withdrawal during which extinction responding was recorded. Most behavioral measures (92.4%) did not differ in animals evaluated during an initial and subsequent cycles of dependence and withdrawal. All active treatments attenuated non-reinforced responding during extinction. Morphine reinforcement was also decreased by each of the three active treatments, but greater and more prolonged effects were observed following inhibition of MAO-B with rasagiline. Responding during either cue- or morphine-induced reinstatement was attenuated by either clorgyline or rasagiline administered at nonselective doses, but not by either compound administered at selective dose levels. Treatment with l-methamphetamine did not produce significant effects on cue-induced reinstatement, but decreased non-reinforced responding during morphine-induced reinstatement. These findings indicate that morphine reinforcement and different non-reinforced behaviors differ greatly in their susceptibility to modification by psychostimulant treatment or MAO inhibition.
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