Anti-Parkinsonian agents have anti-amyloidogenic activity for Alzheimer's beta-amyloid fibrils in vitro
Ono K, Hasegawa K, Naiki H, Yamada M.
Department of Neurology and Neurobiology of Aging,
Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan.
Neurochem Int. 2005 Dec 9;


Inhibition of the accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) and the formation of beta-amyloid fibrils (fAbeta) from Abeta, as well as the destabilization of preformed fAbeta in the central nervous system would be attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Many studies have demonstrated that oxidative damage plays a central role in AD pathogenesis, as well as Parkinson disease (PD). Among the antioxidant strategies proposed, increasing evidence points to the possibility of achieving neuroprotection by dopamine agonists, as well as monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitors. Actually, the beneficial effect of selegiline, a MAO-B inhibitor, in AD has been noted in several clinical studies. On the reverse, antimuscarinic agents have been reported to accelerate beta-amyloidosis and senile plaque formation in PD. Using fluorescence spectroscopic analysis with thioflavin T and electron microscopic studies, we examined the effects of anti-Parkinsonian agents, dopamine, levodopa, pergolide, bromocriptine, selegiline, and trihexyphenidyl on the formation, extension, and destabilization of fAbeta(1-40) and fAbeta(1-42) at pH 7.5 at 37 degrees C in vitro. The anti-Parkinsonian agents other than trihexyphenidyl dose-dependently inhibited fAbeta formation from Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42), as well as their extension. Moreover, these agents dose-dependently destabilized preformed fAbetas. The overall activity of the molecules examined was in the order of: dopamine>selegiline>levodopa=pergolide>bromocriptine. Although the exact mechanism of the anti-amyloidogenic activity of these agents is unclear, these and other structurally related compounds could be key molecules for the development of therapeutics for AD and other conformational diseases.

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